Scientific name

Coccinella transversalis Fabricius, 1781: 97. (=Coccinella epanda hunberg, 1781)

Common name

Transverse ladybird


Length 3.8-6.7 mm, width 3.3-5.5 mm. Form elongate oval, convex. Head black with a pair of creamy yellow, subtriangular frontal spots, one on either side of inner margins of eyes. Pronotum black, anterolateral corners light cream. Scutellum black. Elytra bright carmine red or orange or yellow, with an oval subscutellar spot, a large trilobed spot on humeral callus, a transverse band at apical third not reaching lateral margin, and three smaller apical spots-one sutural and two lateral, usually fused to form a transverse marking; sutural line with an irregular black stripe. Elytral pattern variable with the markings in various states of confluence or reduction. Post-coxal plates on abdominal ventrite 1 incomplete, with an associate oblique line. Female spermatheca (Fig. 1) and male genitalia (Figs. 2-3) as illustrated.

 Figs. 1-3. Coccinella transversalis F.: 1. Spermatheca, female; 2-3. Male genitalia





One of the most common coccinellids of the region, found almost throughout India. Nepal. Sri Lanka. Myanmar. Southeast Asia. China. Asia Pacific. Australia. New Zealand.

Prey / associated habitat

Commonly associated with aphids infesting grasses and also several crops like groundnut, rice, cotton, sunflower, safflower, mustard, cowpea, cabbage, maize, sorghum, water melon, wheat, brinjal, bhendi, lucerne, etc. Smart weed (Polygonum hydropiper) harbours this species in large numbers.

HEMIPTERA: Aphididae: Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris), Aphis affinis Del Guercio, Aphis craccivora Koch, Aphis gossypii Glover, Aphis nerii Boyer de Fonscolombe, Aphis spiraecola Patch, Brachycaudus helichrysi (Kaltenbach), Brevicoryne brassicae (Linnaeus), Cervaphis quercus Takahashi, Cervaphis rappardi indica Basu, Lipaphis pseudobrassicae (Kaltenbach) (as L. erysimi (Kaltenbach)), Macrosiphoniella yomogifoliae (Shinji), Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas), Macrosiphum rosae (Linnaeus), Melanaphis donacis (Passerini), Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner), Myzus nicotianae Blackman, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), Pentalonia nigronervosa Coquerel, Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch), Sitobion rosaeiformis (Das), Taoia indica (Ghosh & Raychaudhuri), Toxoptera aurantii (Boyer de Fonscolombe), Therioaphis ononidis (Kaltenbach), Therioaphis trifolii (Monell), Uroleucon compositae (Theobald), Uroleucon sonchi (Linnaeus). Cicadellidae: Empoascanara indica (Datta), Idioscopus clypealis (Lethierry). Ortheziidae: Orthezia insignis Browne. Psyllidae: Diaphorina citri Kuwayama. LEPIDOPTERA: Noctuidae: Helicoverpa armigera (Huebner); Spodoptera litura (Fabricius).

Seasonal occurrence

Present throughout the year. Active during July-November in south India.

Natural enemies

Dinocampus coccinellae (Schrank), Tetrastichus sp., Coccipolipus macfarlanei Husband, Coccipolipus sp.


  • Debaraj, Y. & Singh, T.K. 2000. Field recognition of the different developmental stages of an aphidophagous predator, Coccinella transversalis. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 8: 242-244.
  • Joshi, S., Ballal, C.R. & Rao, N.S. 1999. Biotic potential of three coccinellid predators on six different aphid hosts. Journal of Entomological Research 23: 1-7.
  • Kapur, A.P. 1962. Geographical variations in the colour pattterns of some Indian Ladybeetles (Coccinellidae: Coleoptera). Part I. Coccinella septempunctata Linn., C. transversalis Fabr., and Coelophora bissellata Muls. Proceedings of the First All India Congress of Zoology (1959), 2: 479-492.
  • Pope, R.D. 1989. A revision of the Australian Coccinellidae (Coleoptera). Part I. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Invertebrate Taxonomy 3 (1988): 633-735.
  • Puttarudriah, M. & Channabasavanna, G.P. 1953. Beneficial coccinellids of Mysore-I. Indian Journal of Entomology 15: 87-96.
  • Roy, P. 1976. Life history and feeding behaviour of Coccinella transversalis Fab. (Coccinellidae, Coleoptera), a predator of mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.). Indian Biologist 8: 59-61.
  • Sasaji, H. 1971. Fauna Japonica. Coccinellidae (Insecta: Coleoptera). Academic Press of Japan. 340 p.